文章摘要
A Study on Dynamic Change and Driving Factors of Ecological Footprint in Shandong Province
投稿时间:2018-04-28  
DOI:13358/j.issn.1008-813x.2018.03.09
中文关键词: 生态足迹  可持续发展  山东省
英文关键词: ecological footprint  sustainable development  Shandong Province
基金项目:
作者单位
王建事 山东师范大学 地理与环境学院, 山东 济南 250358 
程钰 山东师范大学 地理与环境学院, 山东 济南 250358 
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中文摘要:
      运用生态足迹模型计算了山东省2000-2016年人均生态足迹、人均生态承载力和生态赤字等指标。研究发现:(1)2000-2016年,山东省人均生态足迹从2.41 hm2增加到5.00 hm2,人均生态承载力从0.65 hm2下降到0.62 hm2,生态赤字大于1 hm2,说明山东省经济发展已经呈现出不可持续状态。(2)通过测算单位万元GDP生态足迹等相关指标,发现山东省自然资源效率逐渐提高,但生态环境压力较大,生态环境破环严重。并提出控制人口规模、提倡理性消费、合理划分土地利用类型等提高山东省可持续发展的建议。
英文摘要:
      This article calculated the per capita ecological footprint, ecological capacity per capita and ecological deficit of Shandong province from 2000 to 2016 using ecological footprint model, and found:(a) 2000-2016, the per capita ecological footprint of Shandong province increased from 2.41 hm2 to 5.00 hm2, the per capita ecological carrying capacity dropped from 0.65 hm2 to 0.62 hm2, and the ecological deficit was more than 1 hm2, which indicated that Shandong province has shown an unsustainable development. (b) By measuring the ecological footprint of unit million GDP, the efficiency of natural resources in Shandong province was increased, but the ecological pressure was great and the ecological environment was broken seriously. Finally, according to the conclusion, the article put forward some suggestions on controlling population scale, advocating rational consumption and rationally dividing land use types.
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