文章摘要
Studay on the Legitimacy of Citizens Bringing Environmental Public Interest Litigation Based on the Environmental Right
投稿时间:2018-04-19  
DOI:13358/j.issn.1008-813x.2018.03.03
中文关键词: 环境公益诉讼  环境权  环境公益  起诉主体  正当性
英文关键词: environmental public interest litigation  environmental right  environmental public interest  prosecution subject  legitimacy
基金项目:
作者单位
任有情 山东师范大学, 山东 济南 250300 
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中文摘要:
      目前的环境公益诉讼制度存在着公民宜居权保障困难,传统民法理论对居民环境利益补偿不足,环保组织及检察机关起诉存在弊端等困局。而赋予公民环境公益诉讼起诉资格则有利于弥补其他环境公益诉讼起诉主体的弊端,完善环境公益诉讼起诉主体制度。以环境权理论为基础证成公民提起环境公益诉讼的正当性,可以得出环境权能够批驳直接利害关系说,证成公民对环境公益的代表性,实现从"公众共用物的悲剧"到"公众共用物的保护"的转换。
英文摘要:
      Environmental public interest litigation system has the difficulty of protecting citizens' right to live, and it can not compensate citizens for their full environmental interests according to traditional civil law theory, also environmental protection organizations and procuratorial organs have shortcomings in mentioning environmental public interest litigation. Giving citizens the standing to mention environmental public interest litigation is beneficial to make up for the disadvantages of other subjects and improve the system of environmental public interest litigation. Based on the environmental rights theory, we can prove the legitimacy of citizens mentioning environmental public interest litigation. It can be concluded that environmental rights can refute direct interest and prove citizen can represent environmental public interest, and realize the transition from the "tragedy of the commons" to the "protection of the commons".
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