| Summarized the theoretical basis, methods to determine, characteristic factors, impact factors, space-time characteristics of variation of the atmospheric boundary layer and the interaction between the structure of atmospheric boundary layer and the air pollution. Results showed that: (a) The theory of atmospheric boundary layer has a complete theoretical system and the theoretical research develops slowly. (b) Profile measurement is the most common method to determine the structure of ABL, other methods such as radar and numerical simulation still need verification. (c) The diurnal and seasonal variation characteristics of the atmospheric boundary layer are very obvious, characteristics of variation between sea and land are obviously different, characteristics of ABL in gobi, plateau are special. (d) The influences caused by the structure of ABL, especially speed and direction of wind and PBL to air quality are obvious. (e) The research on the influence of atmospheric pollution on ABL and regional characteristics of ABL is less, it could be the focus of research in the future.